Listen to the second podcast episode with leading moth observation contributor Rachit Singh, as a part of our interview series leading up to the National Moth Week on July 22

Featured Document

Browse Documents

2 documents found tagged diclofenac [X]
  • Title
    The status of vultures in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, central India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The study on the status of vultures in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve (BRT), central India was carried out from January 2011 to March 2013 in different seasons using opportunistic sightings.  In total, 265 observations were made in which 1,366 individuals belonging to four species were recorded.  Among these, Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus were more frequently sighted followed by White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus, Red-headed Vulture or Asian King Vulture Sarcogyps calvus and Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus.  During the study period, 27 vulture nests were identified, of these 25 nests belonged to  Long-billed Vulture and two nests were that os White-backed Vulture.  No attempts were made to examine the nesting site characteristics and the breeding status of vulture in BTR. Vultures were largely observed feeding on carnivore kills such as chital, sambar, nilgai, wild pig, domestic cattle and common langur. On a few occasions vultures were seen feeding on the dumped cattle carcasses near villages.  The study reveals that vulture population in BTR was mainly dependent on large carnivore kills.  Regular monitoring of vulture nest sites in the study area is recommended to assess their breeding success.  Since we observed the vultures feeding on dumped livestock carcasss near villages, use of Diclofenac in the villages around the park should be monitored as it has caused a large-scale mortality in vultures in different regions of the country.  
    Attribution
    Navaneethan Balasubramaniam, Sankar Kalyanasundaram, Qureshi Qamar, Manjrekar Manas (2015). Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(7) pp. 8134-8138; doi:10.11609/jott.2428.7.14.8134-8138
  • Title
    Behavioural and virological studies on a rescued Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis from western Maharashtra, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    An exhausted Indian White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis was rescued in Maharashtra State, India. Examination revealed that it was not injured but was emaciated due to starvation. The vulture was fed in captivity by the Forest Department. To rule out the possibility of viral infections, cloacal, tracheal and serum samples were collected from the vulture. They were negative for Avian Influenza (AI) viruses, Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV), Infectious Bursal Disease Virus by virus isolation. We observed neck drooping behavior by vulture when approached by humans. The vulture flew away but after two days, was found dead 60km away, due to electrocution. Our report suggests that electrocution may also be an explanation for the decreasing numbers of vultures in India.
    Attribution
    Pande S., Pandit P., Ponkshe A., Mone R., Pawar S., Mishra A. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(3) pp. 1490-1492; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2471.1490-2