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2 documents found tagged herbivore [X]
  • Title
    Livestock and wild herbivores in the western Himalaya: competition or co-existence?
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Pastoralism is among the major land use practices in the Himalaya and the main source of livelihood for local communities. In naturally occurring herbivore populations, the co-occurrence of native species has evolved through evolutionary processes over millions of years which has enabled coexistence. In the modern scenario, however, the intrusion of livestock into the wild habitats impose additional pressure on the limited resources, given that there has been insufficient time for resource partitioning to evolve. Realizing the need to develop a better understanding of wild herbivores and livestock interactions, the present review was compiled. The review demonstrates that a group of similar species using similar habitats and feeding on similar foods leads to more competition. Also, goat/sheep impose a potential threat to the resource of wild herbivores and such resource exploitation by livestock is not compatible with their conservation. Further, wild herbivores shift their habitat to avoid the risk of being exposed to competition or predation. Livestock grazing and associated activities affect the wild herbivores’ habitat use and foraging behaviour, and these are changes that may also affect their survival in the future. There is a prime need to find out the threshold of livestock population which can sustain itself without compromising livestock production and wildlife. High conflict areas need to be identified and compensatory mechanisms should evolve. It is also necessary for ecology to be integrated with an understanding of the social dynamics that influence the status of the resources.
    Attribution
    Syed, Z. & M.S. Khan (2017). Livestock and wild herbivores in the western Himalaya: competition or co-existence? Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(4): 10084–10088; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3279.9.4.10084-10088
  • Title
    Diversity and abundance of nematodes in the sewage of Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The given checklist of 39 nematode species belonging to 27 genera, 21 families under 9 orders, collected from sewage drains of Jodhpur. Five trophic groups are identified based on morphological structure and mode of feeding such as herbivores or plant parasites, bacteriovores, fungivores, omnivores and predators. Cp values are also given of each species after Bongers, 1990.
    Attribution
    Sultana Razia, Bohra Padma (2012). Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(4) pp. 2614-2616; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3044.2614-6