Leading up to the National Moth Week on July 22, we interview some contributors of moth observations.Listen to the first podcast episode with Nagesh O. S. on the IBP blog.

Featured Document

Browse Documents

6 documents found tagged himalaya [X]
  • Title
    Livestock and wild herbivores in the western Himalaya: competition or co-existence?
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Pastoralism is among the major land use practices in the Himalaya and the main source of livelihood for local communities. In naturally occurring herbivore populations, the co-occurrence of native species has evolved through evolutionary processes over millions of years which has enabled coexistence. In the modern scenario, however, the intrusion of livestock into the wild habitats impose additional pressure on the limited resources, given that there has been insufficient time for resource partitioning to evolve. Realizing the need to develop a better understanding of wild herbivores and livestock interactions, the present review was compiled. The review demonstrates that a group of similar species using similar habitats and feeding on similar foods leads to more competition. Also, goat/sheep impose a potential threat to the resource of wild herbivores and such resource exploitation by livestock is not compatible with their conservation. Further, wild herbivores shift their habitat to avoid the risk of being exposed to competition or predation. Livestock grazing and associated activities affect the wild herbivores’ habitat use and foraging behaviour, and these are changes that may also affect their survival in the future. There is a prime need to find out the threshold of livestock population which can sustain itself without compromising livestock production and wildlife. High conflict areas need to be identified and compensatory mechanisms should evolve. It is also necessary for ecology to be integrated with an understanding of the social dynamics that influence the status of the resources.
    Attribution
    Syed, Z. & M.S. Khan (2017). Livestock and wild herbivores in the western Himalaya: competition or co-existence? Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(4): 10084–10088; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3279.9.4.10084-10088
  • Title
    A report on some butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Ladakh in Jammu & Kashmir and Lahaul in Himachal Pradesh, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Forty-two (42) species of butterflies were recorded from a short survey of Ladakh and Lahaul in the inner Himalaya in Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Here, we provide location and altitude records for these species, data on their abundance, photo-documentation of the life cycle of Pieris deota and P. brassicae as well as the first published record of a larval host plant for P. deota. Twelve (12) of these species are protected under Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
    Attribution
    Sanjay Sondhi, Balakrishnan Valappil, Yash Sondhi & Anchal Sondhi, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 9, No 3 (2017); pp. 9971–9987 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.3024.9.3.9971-9987
  • Title
    Detrimental effects of low atmospheric humidity and forest fire on a community of western Himalayan butterflies
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Compared to previous years, the period from October 2008 to March 2009 showed marked reductions in species number and population size in the butterfly community of the Maheshkhan Reserve Forest, Nainital District, Uttarakhand. Desiccation of pupae due to abnormally low atmospheric humidity after the failure of seasonal rains appears to have been a major cause of this reduction. The drop in humidity also appears to be linked to the unusual spread of fires affecting broadleaf forests, one of which in May 2009 wiped out the remaining Maheshkhan butterfly community.
    Attribution
    Smetacek P. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(3) pp. 1694-1701; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2307.1694-701
  • Title
    A new species of Ceryx Wallengren (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae: Syntominae) from the Kumaon Himalaya, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    A new Syntomine species, Ceryx mirabilis, is described from the Kumaon Himalayas, India
    Attribution
    Smetacek P. (2010). Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(2) pp. 894-895; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2306.894-5
  • Title
    Ypthima kedarnathensis Singh, 2007 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from the Kumaon Himalaya, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Ypthima kedarnathensis A.P. Singh is reported from near the Gagar Pass, Nainital District, Kumaon Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India.
    Attribution
    Smetacek P. (2010). Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(2) pp. 1390-1391; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2574.1390-1
  • Title
    The hitherto undescribed male of Calocalpe abraxidia (Hampson, 1895) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae)
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The allotype of Calocaple abraxidia Hampson, 1895 is designated and described from Gagar, Uttarakhand, India.
    Attribution
    Smetacek P. (2010). Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(2) pp. 1103-1104; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2275.1103-4