Leading up to the National Moth Week on July 22, we interview some contributors of moth observations.Listen to the first podcast episode with Nagesh O. S. on the IBP blog.

Featured Document

Browse Documents

140 documents found tagged lepidoptera [X]
  • Title
    Butterflies associated with major forest types in Arunachal Pradesh (eastern Himalaya), India: implications for ecotourism and conservation planning
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    A three year study (from December 2011 to December 2014 and in June 2015) on butterflies covering four major forest sub-types as classified by H.G. Champion & S.K. Seth in 1968 in ‘Forest Types of India’, which occupy 60% of the forest area lying below 2,500m across Arunachal Pradesh State in the eastern Himalaya of India, revealed 415 taxa belonging to six families (Hesperiidae: 74 species of 42 genera; Papilionidae: 37 species of 10 genera; Pieridae: 36 species of 15 genera; Lycaenidae: 85 species of 49 genera; Riodinidae: 7 species of 3 genera & Nymphalidae: 176 species of 71 genera, respectively). These included many endemic and rare species typical of these forest sub-types, i.e., (i) 2B/1S1 Sub-Himalayan Light Alluvial Semi-Evergreen Forest (32 species), (ii) 2B/ C1(a) Assam Alluvial Plains Semi-Evergreen Forests (5 species), (iii) 2B/2S2 Eastern Alluvial Secondary Semi-Evergreen Forests- (15 species) and (iv) 3/1S2 (b) Terminalia-Duabanga (3 species), respectively. The relative number of species and individuals sampled were the highest at altitudes below 500m, and gradually declined as the altitude increased to 2,000m, and above 2,500m species richness declined sharply. The number of species and their relative abundance were the highest during July–August (Monsoon-first peak) and then again in November-December (Autumn-second peak), while the numbers were lowest during winter. These findings suggest that these four forest types are important both for the purpose of ecotourism as well as conservation of endemic and rare taxa found in the eastern Himalaya and northeastern India at altitudes below 2,000m. A complete list of all the taxa sampled is given along with relative abundance status during sampling, Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 status, and distribution in different forest types in the state. Ten potential butterfly ecotourism zones are suggested for the state. Planning land-use for biodiversity conservation based on butterfly-forest type associations, by taking forest sub-types as units of conservation, is suggested as an option for the eastern Himalaya.
    Attribution
    Arun P. Singh, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 9, No 4 (2017); pp. 10047–10075 http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2765.9.4.10047-10075
  • Title
    A report on some butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Ladakh in Jammu & Kashmir and Lahaul in Himachal Pradesh, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Forty-two (42) species of butterflies were recorded from a short survey of Ladakh and Lahaul in the inner Himalaya in Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Here, we provide location and altitude records for these species, data on their abundance, photo-documentation of the life cycle of Pieris deota and P. brassicae as well as the first published record of a larval host plant for P. deota. Twelve (12) of these species are protected under Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
    Attribution
    Sanjay Sondhi, Balakrishnan Valappil, Yash Sondhi & Anchal Sondhi, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 9, No 3 (2017); pp. 9971–9987 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.3024.9.3.9971-9987
  • Title
    Forest ghost moth fauna of northeastern India (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae: Endoclita, Palpifer, and Hepialiscus)
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Taxonomic and biological information is reviewed for the forest Hepialidae of northeastern India, a poorly known group of moths in a region known for the global significance of its biodiversity. The taxonomic and biological characteristics are described for genera known from the northeast - Endoclita, Palpifer, and Hepialiscus. A key is provided for distinguishing these genera and the genus Thitarodes known from nearby Bhutan, China, and Nepal, which is almost certainly present within the borders of India. Taxonomic characteristics are described for 12 species from the northeast along with illustrations of the species and maps of their known distributions. Information on species distributions is extremely fragmentary and it is considered very likely that most species have more extensive distributions than currently documented. The northeastern Indian region represents a center of hepialid diversity comprising three principal distribution patterns: (i) local endemics, (ii) Himalayan, and (iii) northeastern. Comparison of distribution records and major vegetation types indicate the absence of information on the hepialid fauna for much of the northeast region. The principal challenge for future documentation and assessment of the hepialid fauna for this region, as with any other part of India, is the lack of modern descriptions of type specimens. The inclusion of voucher collections of Hepialidae in future biodiversity surveys of northeastern India is to be strongly encouraged, particularly in the context of current and future environmental impacts affecting the sustainability of forest environments in the region.
    Attribution
    John R. Grehan & Vijay Anand Ismavel, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 9, No 3 (2017); pp. 9940–9955 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.3030.9.3.9940-9955
  • Title
    A report of False Tibetan Cupid Tongeia pseudozuthus Huang, 2001 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the Upper Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh - An addition to the Indian butterfly fauna
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    We report the occurence of false Tibetan cupid Tongeia pseudozuthus Huang, 2001 from India based on two records from Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh.
    Attribution
    Seena N. Karimbumkara, Rajkamal Goswami & Purnendu Roy, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 6 (2016); pp. 8927–8929 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2279.8.6.8927-8929
  • Title
    Butterflies of the Rice Research Station and adjoining locality in Chinsurah, West Bengal, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Chinsurah is a small town on the western bank of the Hugli River, a distributary of the river Ganges. A survey from November 2006 to June 2014 with photographic documentation on the butterfly community in Chinsurah revealed the presence of a total of 70 species representing 53 genera in five families; most dominant family was the Nymphalidae having 34.3% of the total species. Six species are legally protected; one species under Schedule I; three species under Schedule II; and two species under Schedule IV of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Rare species like Pareronia avator (Moore), Mahathala ameria (Hewitson) and Melanitis zitenius (Herbst) were recorded in this rapidly degrading habitat. This study may help in planning conservation strategies in urban areas and sustainable development as well.
    Attribution
    Somnath Mandal, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 5 (2016); pp. 8804–8813 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2815.8.5.8804-8813
  • Title
    Butterflies of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, western Himalaya, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Thirty percent of butterfly species that occur in India are found in the Garhwal region of the western Himalaya, which comprise six districts of Uttarakhand State with five major vegetation types lying between the catchments of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers.  The annotated checklist compiled here for this region comprises 407 species and takes into account all the species recorded since 1899, when the first list of 323 species was prepared by Mackinnon & de Nicéville on the ‘butterflies of Mussoorie and its adjacent areas’.  Over a 20 year period (1986–1990; 2000–June 2015) the present authors maintained detailed notes and were able personally to record 349 species.  This information is presented in a checklist, together with details of the month, year and site of each record, relative abundance, Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (IWPA) status, as well as references of earlier records made by other authors in Garhwal for those species that the authors were not able to record themselves.  Forty-nine species recorded in the region have been placed under various schedules of IWPA; only one species, the Golden Emperor Dilipa morgiana Westwood, is listed in Schedule I Part IV, the others being mainly included under Schedule II Part II.  The paper also discusses new range extensions and significant records (past and present), identifies major biotic factors that threaten butterfly diversity in Garhwal, and suggests the scope for butterfly ecotourism in the state as an option for long term conservation.  
    Attribution
    Singh Arun P.; Journal of Threatened Taxa Vol 8, No 4 (2016) 26/4/2016; pp. 8666-8697; 10.11609/jott.2254.8.4.8666-8697
  • Title
    A case study of butterfly road kills from Anaikatty Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
     Anaikatty Hills of the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu witness the annual spectacle of mass movement of lakhs of butterflies.  The present paper examines the impact of vehicular traffic on this ‘butterfly migration’ through a survey of butterfly mortality along a road stretch in Anaikatty Hills.  A high rate of mortality due to road traffic was observed during the mass movement of butterflies.  One-hundred-and-thirty-five butterfly road kills belonging to three families, nine genera and 12 species were recorded during the study.  The proportion of nymphalid butterflies among the road kills (70%) was very high compared to their respective share in the background population (39%), indicating a higher road mortality risk for nymphalids.  The conservation significance of the road traffic impact on butterfly assemblage and management options are discussed. 
    Attribution
    Sony R. K., Arun P. R. (2015). Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(7) pp. 8154-8158; doi:10.11609/jott.1743.7.14.8154-8158
  • Title
    Moth diversity of Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    This paper documents results of an expedition to Tawang district (Arunachal Pradesh) by the Zoological Survey of India, during the period 27th September 2009 to 15th October 2009. Field camps were established at two places i.e. Lumla and Zemmethang. From these two camps, collections of moths were made at various localities by installing light traps. During the survey, more than 250 morpho-species were collected, of which 102 species pertaining to 15 families were identified. The analysis of the fauna revealed that the moth fauna of the area is dominated by the family Geometridae, followed by Arctiidae, Drepanidae, Crambidae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Uraniidae, Lasiocampidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Zygaenidae, Bombycidae, Saturniidae, Pantheidae and Notodontidae.
    Attribution
    Chandra K., Sambath S. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(5) pp. 3565-3570; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2718.966
  • Title
    A preliminary checklist of butterflies recorded from Jeypore-Dehing forest, eastern Assam, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The paper describes some of the rare butterfly species recorded during February 2010-October 2011 in the lowland semi-evergreen Jeypore rainforest of upper Assam along with a preliminary checklist of the area. Altogether, 292 species were recorded based on the survey conducted in different seasons. Important sightings include the report of White Punch longicaudata, Pale Striped Dawnfly Capilia zennara, Blue Quaker Pithecops fulgens etc and range extension of Andaman Yellow-banded Flat Celaenorrhinus andamanicus hanna to northeastern India.
    Attribution
    Gogoi M.J. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(5) pp. 3684-3696; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3022.3684-96
  • Title
    Rediscovery of the Empress, Sasakia funebris Leech (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Apaturini) after 88 years in India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The sighting of an Empress, Sasakia funebris, is reported from upper Debang Valley District, Arunachal Pradesh. This is the first record of this butterfly after almost nine decades in India. Observations on the habitat and habits of the species are given.
    Attribution
    Singh A.P. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(5) pp. 4514-4516; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3428.4514-6
  • Title
    The butterfly community of an urban wetland system - a case study of Oussudu Bird Sanctuary, Puducherry, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    In a study on the butterfly community of the Oussudu (Ousteri) Bird Sanctuary and its environs at Puducherry, a total of 63 butterfly species belonging to 47 genera under five families were recorded which included two endemics and three Schedule I species. Nymphalidae was the most diverse and abundant butterfly family of the area followed by Pieridae. The paper also discusses the abundance and species assemblage pattern in the local butterfly fauna along with their legal/protection status and distribution patterns in the study area.
    Attribution
    Murugesan M., Arun P.R., Prusty B.A.K. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(5) pp. 4672-4678; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3056.4672-8
  • Title
    CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Range extension of Malabar Tree Nymph Idea malabarica (Moore) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) to northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra and a review of distribution records
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Barring a single record of Ghosh et al. (1990) from Raigarh District as a new report for Maharashtra State, no further records of Idea malabarica from any of the districts of Maharashtra, northern Western Ghats is available. The occurrence of Malabar Tree Nymph, an endemic butterfly of southern Western Ghats in the new geographical area is interesting to study. A distribution map for Idea malabarica in Western Ghats is provided based on the published records.
    Attribution
    Jadhav M., Sharma R.M. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(5) pp. 3556-3558; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3267.949