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8 documents found tagged ramsar site [X]
  • Title
    Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The avifauna of Kuttanad was studied from January 1995 to June 2007. Two-hundred-and-twenty-five taxa of birds belonging to 15 orders and 59 families were recorded. Among the birds recorded, 38% were migrants. Fifty-five species were found to breed in the area. Family Scolopaceidae showed maximum species diversity. European Roller Coracias garrulus recorded during this study is the first report of this species from Kerala. Ten globally threatened species were recorded. Kuttanad wetland shows greater species diversity, especially in the wetland birds, than the Kole wetlands of Kerala. Kumarakom heronry holds 8% of the biogeographical population of the Near Threatened Oriental Darter. Landscape alteration, hunting, felling of nesting trees and pesticides are the major detrimental factors for the survival of birds. Conservation aspects of birds of this region are discussed.
    Attribution
    Narayanan S.P., Thomas A.P., Sreekumar B. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(3) pp. 1663-1676; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o1870.1663-76
  • Title
    Zooplankton diversity of Loktak Lake, Manipur, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Zooplankton communities of Loktak Lake showed rich and speciose biocoenosis (162 and 142 species), high monthly richness (91 plus or minus 13 and 80 plus or minus 10 species) and by higher similarities (51.1-82.0 and 51.8-78.3 %) and peak richness during winter and autumn over two years of study. Zooplankton (267 plus or minus 41 n/l) formed a significant quantitative component (56.0 plus or minus 6.3 %) of net plankton and showed annual peak abundance during winter. Rotifera and Cladocera are dominant quantitative groups while Copepoda and Rhizopoda are sub-dominant groups. We observed significant annual and monthly variations of zooplankton richness and abundance. This study showed limited influence of individual abiotic factors on zooplankton, with richness showing a significant inverse correlation with water hardness and chloride, and abundance inversely correlated with nitrate. Multiple regressions indicated higher cumulative effects of 15 abiotic factors on richness and abundance. Our results exhibited no definite periodicity of richness and abundance of zooplankton and their constituent groups during two annual cycles. Zooplankton is characterized by highest species diversity (4.172 plus or minus 0.237), higher evenness and lower dominance.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K., Sharma S. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(3) pp. 1745-1755; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2457.1745-55
  • Title
    Testate amoebae (Protozoa: Rhizopoda) of Deepor Beel (a Ramsar site), Assam, northeastern India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Twenty-one species of Rhizopoda belonging to eight genera and six families were documented from Deepor Beel, an important floodplain lake of the Brahmaputra River basin, showing the richest diversity of testaceans known to date from any freshwater ecosystem in India. Two species are new records from Assam, while all species are new to this Ramsar site. Our results show a Lobosea/Filosea ratio of 2.0, qualitative importance of Euglyphidae and Centropyxidae = Difflugidae and species richness of Difflugia a; Centropyxis.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K., Sharma S. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(3) pp. 1947-1950; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2664.1947-50
  • Title
    Deepor Beel revisited: new records of rotifers (Rotifera: Eurotatoria) with remarks on interesting species
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Plankton samples collected (April 2009 - March 2010) from Deepor Beel, a Ramsar site, revealed 21 species of the Phylum Rotifera belonging to 12 genera and eight families as new records. Amongst these, Brachionus durgae is a new record for northeastern India. The recorded species included the Australasian Brachionus dichotomus reductus and Notommata spinata; two Oriental endemics, namely, Keratella edmondsoni and Lecane blachei while Lecane lateralis, L haliclysta, Lepadella benjamini, Platyias leloupi, Mytilina acanthophora, Macrochaetus longipes, Trichocerca bicristata and T. flagellata are examples of regional distribution interest. The present report increases the number of species recorded from this important wetland of northeastern India to 134 species which, in turn, is the richest rotifer diversity known till date from any aquatic ecosystem of South Asia.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K., Sharma S. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(3) pp. 1437-1444; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2482.1437-44
  • Title
    Rotifer communities of Deepor Beel, Assam, India: richness, abundance and ecology
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Plankton samples collected from two sampling stations of Deepor Beel (a Ramsar site in Assam, northeastern India) between November 2002 and October 2003, reveal 110 and 100 species of Rotifera, exhibit monthly richness ranging between 43-65 (56 plus or minus 6) and 38-60 (52 plus or minus 7) species and record 48.9-88.1 and 53.1-89.7% community similarities respectively. Rotifera (231 plus or minus 60 and 198 plus or minus 70 n/l) comprise between 48.7 plus or minus 6.1 and 42.6 plus or minus 4.1% of zooplankton abundance at station I and II respectively, and follow trimodal annual patterns with peaks during winter. Brachionidae (90 plus or minus 43, 79 plus or minus 39 n/l) > Lecanidae (45 plus or minus 13, 29 plus or minus 9 n/l) form important quantitative components of Rotifera while Asplanchnidae > Synchaetidae > Trochosphaeridae are other notable families. Lecane > Brachionus > Keratella > Asplanchna > Platyias contribute notably to temporal variations of the rotifers. Asplanchna priodonta, Keratella cochlearis, Platyias quadricornis, Lecane leontina, Polyarthra vulgaris, Keratella tropica and Brachionus falcatus are important species. Analysis of variance comparisons indicate significant temporal variations in richness and abundance of Rotifera between stations and months. The rotifer communities exhibit higher species diversity, higher evenness, lower dominance and lack of quantitative dominance of any individual species. The present results show no definite periodicity of richness and abundance of this group, families or species. Individual abiotic factors register limited influence on richness and abundance while multiple regression exhibits higher cumulative influence of ten abiotic factors on these parameters at both sampling stations.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K. (2010). Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(2) pp. 1077-1086; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2411.1077-86
  • Title
    Microcrustacea (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) of Deepor Beel, Assam, India: richness, abundance and ecology
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Plankton samples collected from two sampling stations of Deepor Beel, an important floodplain lake of Assam and a Ramsar site of India, revealed 51 species of Microcrustacea and showed qualitative dominance of Cladocera (45 species). Microcrustacea comprised a significant quantitative component (45.6 � plus or minus 5.8 and 50.8 � plus or minus 4.5 %) of zooplankton and exhibited bimodal and trimodal annual patterns with peaks during winter. Cladocera > Copepoda are important quantitative groups. ANOVA registered significant variation in species richness and abundance of Microcrustacea over time and between stations. Richness and abundance were inversely correlated with water temperature and rainfall, and positively correlated with specific conductivity and dissolved oxygen. Multiple regression registered significantly higher cumulative effects of ten abiotic factors on these two parameters. Our results are characterized by higher species diversity, higher evenness and lower dominance of Microcrustacea and show lack of distinct quantitative importance of individual species.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K., Sharma S. (2009). Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(1) pp. 411-418; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2169.411-8
  • Title
    Composition, abundance and ecology of phytoplankton communities of Loktak Lake, Manipur, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Phytoplankton communities of Loktak Lake (a Ramsar site), studied during November 2002-October 2004, reveal the occurrence of 75 and 71 species, indicate monthly richness ranging between 47� plus or minus 6 and 49� plus or minus 3 species and record 50.0-83.2 and 64.5-84.0 % community similarities during two annual cycles respectively. Chlorophyta (33� plus or minus 5 and 35� plus or minus 5 species) show qualitative dominance and importance of Closterium > Cosmarium > Staurastrum > Micrasterias > Gonatozygon species. Phytoplankton (206� plus or minus 58 and 220� plus or minus 53 n/l) comprise between 45.1� plus or minus 6.5 and 42.9� plus or minus 5.8 % of net plankton abundance, indicate trimodal annual patterns and record peak abundance during winter. Chlorophyta (111� plus or minus 20 and 119� plus or minus 15 n/l), the dominant quantitative component, indicate winter peaks; Closterium > Staurastrum > Gonatozygon > Micrasterias species contribute significantly to their abundance. Ceratium hirudinella (43� plus or minus 52 and 39� plus or minus 37 n/l) is the sole important individual species of phytoplankton. Dinophyta > Bacillariophyta are sub-dominant groups and Euglenophyta > Cyanophyta > Chrysophyta show very low densities. Phytoplankton communities are characterized by higher species diversity, higher evenness and lower dominance. Abiotic factors register limited influence on richness and abundance of phytoplankton and on abundance of constituent groups. Multiple regression indicates relatively lower influence of fifteen abiotic factors on richness of phytoplankton and higher cumulative influence on abundance of phytoplankton, Chlorophyta, Dinophyta and Bacillariophyta.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K. (2009). Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(1) pp. 401-410; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2193.401-10
  • Title
    Diversity of microcrustacea (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) of Loktak Lake, a Ramsar site, Manipur, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Microcrustacea of Loktak Lake (collected during Nov. 2002-Oct. 2004) reveal 57 species and show qualitative dominance of Cladocera (51 species). They indicate monthly richness ranging between 33�plus or minus 6 and 32� plus or minus 6 species, record 51.7-82.3 and 53.6-90.0% community similarities during two years respectively, and follow trimodal annual patterns with peaks during winter. The microcrustaceans (112� plus or minus 17 and 124� plus or minus 13 n/l) form an important quantitative component (45.7� plus or minus 4.9 and 43.3� plus or minus 3.7 %) of zooplankton and show broadly trimodal annual patterns with peak abundance during winter. Cladocera > Copepoda mainly contribute to their quantitative variations. ANOVA registers significant monthly variations of microcrustacea richness and significant annual and monthly variations of their abundance. Richness is positively correlated with dissolved oxygen and is negatively correlated with rainfall, hardness, chloride and total dissolved solids while abundance is negatively correlated with pH only. Multiple regressions indicate higher cumulative effect of 15 abiotic factors on richness and abundance. Our results indicate no definite periodicity of richness and abundance of microcrustacea or their constituent groups during two annual cycles and are characterized by their higher species diversity, higher evenness and lower dominance.
    Attribution
    Sharma B.K., Sharma S. (2009). Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(1) pp. 541-548; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2231.541-8