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19 documents found tagged taxonomy [X]
  • Title
    Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of day gecko, is described from the forests of Amboli, Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra State, northern Western Ghats, India. The new species was previously confused with the sympatric species Cnemaspis girii, C. indraneildasii, C. kolhapurensis and C. goaensis. It is distinguished from C. giri by having spine-like tubercles on flanks, granular dorsal scales intermixed with large, depressed, slightly keeled scales (vs. lack of spine-like tubercles on flanks, granular dorsal scales, intermixed with large smooth scales); from C. indraneildasii by having dorsal scales heterogeneous (vs. homogenous), lacking a series of enlarged median sub-caudal scales, and 28–29 (vs. 20) ventral scales across mid-body; from C. kolhapurensis by having heterogeneous (vs. homogenous) dorsal scalation, lacking spine-like tubercles on flanks and lacking pre-cloacal pores (vs. 24–28 pre-cloacal-femoral pores); and from C. goaensis by lacking pre-cloacal pores and lacking a series of enlarged median sub-caudal scales. We further provide partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene sequences for the new species and for the sympatric species C. girii, C. kolhapurensis and C. goaensis, and show that the new species is genetically distinct.
    Attribution
    Amit Sayyed, Robert Alexander Pyron & Neelesh Dahanukar, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 14 (2016); pp. 9619-9629 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2599.8.14.9619-9629
  • Title
    Sallywalkerana, a replacement name for Walkerana Dahanukar et al. 2016 (Anura: Ranixalidae)
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Dahanukar et al. (2016: pp. 9234) made available the genus name Walkerana (type species: Ixalus diplostictus Günther, 1876: 574, Pl. 63 fig. C) within family Ranixalidae for the monophyletic group with reduced webbing endemic to the Western Ghats of India south of Palghat gap. We were unaware that this name was preoccupied by Walkerana Otte and Perez-Gelabert in Otte 2009, in Insecta: Orthoptera: Gryllidae. As a result, a replacement name for this genus of frogs becomes necessary. Here we propose Sallywalkerana gen. nov. as the replacement name for Walkerana Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye & Molur, 2016.
    Attribution
    Dahanukar, N., N. Modak, K. Krutha, P.O. Nameer, A.D. Padhye & S. Molur (2016). Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 11 (2016); 9381; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.3056.8.11.9381
  • Title
    Leaping frogs (Anura: Ranixalidae) of the Western Ghats of India: An integrated taxonomic review
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Leaping frogs of the family Ranixalidae are endemic to the Western Ghats of India and are currently placed in a single genus, Indirana. Based on specimens collected from their entire range and a comprehensive study of type material defining all known species, we propose a revised taxonomy for the leaping frogs using an integrative approach including an analysis of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA and nuclear rhodopsin genes, as well as multivariate morphometrics. Both genetic and morphological analyses suggest that the genus Indirana is paraphyletic and a distinct monophyletic group, Walkerana gen. nov is described herein. The new genus is separated from Indirana sensu stricto by an apomorphic character state of reduced webbing, with one phalange free on the first and second toe (vs. no free phalanges), two phalanges free on the third and fifth toe (vs. one free phalange), and three phalanges free on the fourth toe (vs. 2–2½ phalanges free). This review includes (i) identification of lectotypes and redescription of three species of the genus Walkerana; (ii) identification of lectotypes for Indirana beddomii and I. semipalmata and their redescription; (iii) redescription of I. brachytarsus and I. gundia; and (iv) descriptions of four new species, namely, I. duboisi and I. tysoni from north of the Palghat gap, and I. yadera and I. sarojamma from south of the Palghat gap; and (iv) a key to the genera and species in the family Ranixalidae.
    Attribution
    Neelesh Dahanukar, Nikhil Modak, Keerthi Krutha, P.O. Nameer, Anand D. Padhye & Sanjay Molur, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 10 (2016); pp. 9221–9288 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2532.8.10.9221-9288
  • Title
    Rediscovery of Penicillium paradoxum (Ascomycete: Aspergillaceae)from Maharashtra, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Penicillium paradoxum has an enigmatic Aspergillus-like anamorphic state; earlier named as Aspergillus paradoxus with a teleomorph state Hemicarpenteles paradoxus. The present paper describes the rediscovery of this species from India after five decades and includes a phylogenetic study of this strain. This is the first record of this strain from peninsular India including the Western Ghats.
    Attribution
    Kunhiraman C. Rajeshkumar, Sayali D. Marathe, Sneha S. Lad, Deepak K. Maurya, Sanjay K. Singh & Santosh V. Swami, Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 8, No 6 (2016); pp. 8919–8922 http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/jott.2569.8.6.8919-8922
  • Title
    Foliicolous fungi of Wayanad District in Kerala State, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    This comprises an account of the 580 foliicolous fungal collections collected along with the host leaves of 220 host plants belonging to 70 families of flowering plants from Wayanad District resulted in recording 175 fungal species distributed among 29 fungal genera, belonging to black mildews, Meliolales: namely, Amazonia (6), Appendiculella (1), Armatella (6), Asteridiella (12), Irenopsis (7), Meliola (96); Meliolinaceae: Meliolina (1); Asterinales: Asterinaceae: Asterina (47), Asterolibertia (1), Ishwaramyces (1), Meliolaster (1), Prillieuxina (2), Asterostomella (1), Asterostomula (1), Mahanteshamyces (1), Lembosiaceae: Echidnodella (1), Lembosia (2), Schiffnerulaceae: Questieriella (2), Sarcinella (4), Schiffnerula (9); Phyllachoraceae: phyllachora (5); Hyphomycetes: Acrodictys (1), Spiropes (3), Ampullifera (1), Passalora (1), Colemaniella (1), Acremoniula (1); Other Ascomycetes: Leptosphaerulina (1), Rehmidothis (1).
    Attribution
    Hosagoudar V.B., Sabeena A. (2014). Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(6) pp. 5909-6052; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3658.5909-6052
  • Title
    A reappraisal of the fungus genus Phalangispora with the rediscovery of P. bharathensis on leaf litter of Mangifera indica from the northern Western Ghats, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    A new strain of Phalangispora bharathensis was collected and identified on Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae) from Tamhini Ghats in the Western Ghats of India. The arrangement of dark brown, septate sporodochial setae surrounding the sporodochia is a unique character in this strain that differentiates it from all the species so far recorded in this genus. However, the conidial measurements and conidial chain dimensions are almost comparable to that of P. bharathensis earlier identified from natural forests of Goa, India. This is the first record of this genus on Mangifera.
    Attribution
    Rajeshkumar K.C. (2014). Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(6) pp. 6278-6281; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3891.6278-81
  • Title
    Notes on Caralluma adscendens (Roxb.) Haw. var. attenuata (Wight) Grav. and Mayur. (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae)
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Caralluma adscendens var. attenuata (Wight) Grav.and Mayur. is a wild growing leafless succulent xerophytic herb in southern India, belonging to the family Apocynaceae. The taxonomic status of this taxa is still unsettled due to the great variability in morphological and floral characters including shape of corolla, hairiness pattern on corolla lobes, shape of corona and position of pollinarium insertion. Morphological and reproductive variation were investigated in 10 different sites of Tamil Nadu State in southern India with about 210 individuals. The collected specimens represented the Caralluma adscendens var. attenuata and its taxonomy is not treated in the same way as in many local floras. Based on a morphometric analysis the present study has variants that were recognized within the four different classes of subpopulations in Tamil Nadu.
    Attribution
    Kumar K.M.P., Murshida U.C., Thomas B., George S., Balachandran I., Karuppusamy S. (2014). Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(6) pp. 6282-6286; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3523.6282-6
  • Title
    The Striated Parachute Spider Poecilotheria striata Pocock, 1895 (Araneae: Theraphosidae): a note on taxonomy, distribution and conservation status
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The known distribution range of Poecilotheria striata Pocock, 1895 in India is from Mysuru in the north to Thiruvananthapuram in the south. During the recent surveys in northern Karnataka, P. striata was recorded from six locations in Dandeli and nearby areas in the Uttara Kannada District. With the new records from Uttara Kannada, the distribution range of this species extends to the northern part of the Western Ghats by ca. 400km from Mysuru. Additional records on distribution of P. striata are also provided from various surveys carried out in the last 10 years. Based on these new records, the IUCN Red List status of P. striata is recommended to be reassessed as Near Threatened. Additional information on the morphology and natural history of P. striata is provided in the paper.
    Attribution
    Siliwal M., Gupta N., Molur S. (2013). Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(5) pp. 4630-4640; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2956.4630-40
  • Title
    New distributional record of a rare sedge Kobresia (Cyperaceae) from Sikkim, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Kobresia harae Rajbh. et H.Ohba (Cyperaceae) is reported for the first time from India. Nomenclature, description, phenology, habit, habitat, distribution and illustrations are provided here. The species is known so far from North Sikkim district only.
    Attribution
    Jana B., Srivastava R.C., Long D.G., Sinha G.P. (2012). Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(4) pp. 2664-2666; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3039.2664-6
  • Title
    CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: A new genus of the family Theraphosidae (Araneae: Mygalomorphae) with description of three new species from the Western Ghats of Karnataka, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    In this paper, a new genus Neoheterophrictus gen. nov., with three new species, Neoheterophrictus crurofulvus sp. nov., N. sahyadri sp. nov. and N. uttarakannada sp. nov., is described from Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka, India. The new genus is close to Heterophrictus Pocock, 1900 and Plesiophrictus Pocock, 1899 but has multilobed spermathecae, which was consistent in all the three species and the males possessing double tibial spur. Natural history information for all the species described is provided. We transfer Plesiophrictus bhori Gravely, 1915 to Heterophrictus and synonymise P. mahabaleshwari Tikader, 1977 with Heterophrictus milleti Pocock, 1900.
    Attribution
    Siliwal M., Gupta N., Raven R. (2012). Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(4) pp. 3233-3254; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o3065.3233-54
  • Title
    A note on Diploprora championii (Lindl. ex Benth.) Hook. f. (Orchidaceae) - an interesting orchid from Karnataka, India
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    Diploprora championii (Lindl. ex Benth) Hook. f. an orchid spcies hitherto recorded only from Hassan District, Karnataka by Saldanha has been collected from Sringeri after a gap of 35 years, thus forms the new distributional range for the species.
    Attribution
    Sringeswara A.N., Vishwanath S. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(3) pp. 1493-1505; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2445.1550-2
  • Title
    Curcuma bhatii (R.M. Sm.) Skornickova & M. Sabu (Zingiberaceae) and its mycorrhizal association
    Type
    Journal Article
    Description
    The study of Vesicular and Arbuscular Mycorrhiza associated with an endemic plant Curcuma bhatii, known to occur only in Udupi District in Karnataka State, is carried out. Mycorrhizal spore count was 290 per 100 gm soil and the colonisation around the root was 95%. Vesicles and hyphae were present in the roots. Four mycorrhizal species, namely, Glomus aggregatum, G. glomerulatum, G. Multcaule and Sclerocystis pachycaulis were colonised around the roots.
    Attribution
    Rajeshkumar P.P., Hosagoudar V.B., Dan M. (2011). Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(3) pp. 1882-1884; doi:10.11609/JoTT.o2580.1882-4