|Scientific Name||Diospyros candolleana Wt.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Dioecious trees, to 15 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, greenish-black, smooth; young shoots pubescent. leaves simple, alternate, bifarious, estipulate; petiole 8-14 mm long stout, grooved above, rugose, glabrous; lamina 7-15 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong, base acute, attenuate, cuneate or obtuse, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous when mature, lateral nerves 9-11 pairs, slender, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow; male flowers: 7-8 mm across, sessile, in dense tawny tomentose, axillary fascicles; calyx 5 mm long, tomentose; lobes 5, ovate, acute or subobtuse; corolla urceolate, more than twice as long as the calyx, fulvous-hairy outside; lobes 5, ovate, acute; stamens 10, in unequal pairs; filaments glabrous; anthers lanceolate, acute; female flowers: 10-12 mm across, sessile, 2-10 in tawny tomentose, axillary fascicles; calyx hairy on both side; lobes 5, ovate, acute, margin reflexed; staminodes 4 or 5; ovary superior, tomentose, 4-celled, ovules 1 in each cell; style 2-5, slender, tomentose; stigma hairy. Fruit a berry, 2.5 cm long, conical, green; calyx flat or shallowly cupuliform, the lobes triangular with reflexed margins; seeds 3-4, usually compressed; endosperm ruminate.
Trees up to 20 m tall.
Bark smooth, dark; blaze reddish.
Branchlets terete, adpressed hairs when young.
Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole to 0.6-1.1 cm long, canaliculate, hairy when young, glabrous when mature; lamina to 6-18 x 3.5-7.5 cm, oblong to elliptic-oblong, apex gradually acuminate with blunt tip, sometimes obtuse, base acute to cuneate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown; midrib canaliculate above; secondary nerves 8-13 pairs, not prominent; tertiary nerves obscure.
Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers in axillary clusters on very short tubercles, silky tomentose; female flowers sessile, in axillary clusters.
Berry, globose, to 2.5 cm across, glabrous when mature; calyx persistent, lobes reflexed with wavy margin; seeds 4.
Flowering and fruiting: April-March
Subcanopy trees in wet evergreen forests up to 900 m.
Notes: Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests. Endemic to Western Ghats
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
Maharashtra: Kolhapur, Pune, Ratnagiri
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Hassan, N. Kanara, Shimoga, S. Kanara
Kerala: Idukki, Kasaragod, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
Tamil Nadu: Nilgiri
State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Kottayam, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Thrissur
Endemic to the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.
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