|Scientific Name||Ficus nervosa Heyne ex Roth|
Flowering class: Dicot
Tall trees, buttressed, up to 35 m tall.
Bark greyish, smooth; blaze cream.
Young branchlets terete, glabrous or subpubescent.
Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules to 1 cm long, ovate-lanceolate, silky pubescent, caducous and leaving annular scar; petiole 0.8-3 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 6-18 x3-8 cm, narrow elliptic-oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, apex acuminate to caudate-acuminate, base acute, margin slightly undulate, chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, glabrous, drying green above, brown beneath; midrib flat above; basally 3-nerved; secondary nerves 8-13 pairs, prominent; tertiary nerves reticulate or admedially ramified.
Inflorescence syconia, axillary and on leafless twigs, paired or solitary, 0.8-1.5 cm across, subpyriform; flowers unisexual.
Syconium, in axillary pairs, globose, red, glabrous; peduncle 2.5 cm long; achenes smooth.
Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bole buttressed; buttresses to 6 m high; bark 10-12 mm thick, grey to greyish-brown, often mottled with black, smooth; blaze dull yellow; latex scanty, white, turning to yellow soon. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, pinkish-brown when young; stipule 10-12 mm long, lateral, ovate-lanceolate, membranous, puberulous, cauducous, leaving an annular scar; petiole 10-25 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 6-17.5 x 4-8 cm, elliptic, oblong-lanceolate, ovate-elliptic or oblanceolate, base round or acute, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, or slightly undulate, glabrous, glossy, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base, glandular at basal nerve axils beneath; lateral nerves 5-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, looped near the margin, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual; inflorescence a syconia, axillary and on twigs behind the leaves, paired or solitary, 8-15 mm across, subpyriform, hard, orifice circular, depressed, closed by 3 flat, apical scales, internal bristles 0;peduncle to 1 cm, slender, basal bracts 0 but 3 small, free, round-ovate pubescent bracts low down on the peduncle; flowers unisexual, of 4 kinds; male flowers few, only near the mouth of receptacle, pedicelled, tepals 2-3, red, free; stamen 1, filaments as long as the anther, adnate to one sepal; anther broadly oblong, mucronate; female flowers rarely pedicelled, sepals 3, lanceolate, red, style filiform, stigma bifid; gall flowers pedicellate; sepals 3, elongate, acuminate, ovary superior, ovoid, smooth; style short. Syconium depressed globose, red, glabrous, to broadly round to truncate, on elongate stalks; achenes smooth.
Flowering and fruiting: March-May
Canopy trees in evergreen forests up to 1200 m.
Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
Indomalaysia to Australia; in the Western Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.
Indo-Malesia to Australia
State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode