Hierarchy contributed by the species page author
Hierarchy combined from multiple sources
|Scientific Name||Gluta travancorica Bedd.|
|English||Red-wood tree, Tinnelvelli Red Wood|
|Malayalam||Thodappa, Chenkurinji, Thodappai|
|Others||Chenkurinji, Thodappa, Karuncharai|
Flowering class: Dicot
Habit: Large tree
Evergreen trees, to 35 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, greyish-brown, smooth; blaze pink; exudation black, acrid. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the tips of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm, stout, glabrous, winged; lamina 8-18 x 3.5-7 cm, elliptic-ovate, obovate-spathulate or spathulate, base cuneate or attenuate, apex obtuse, sometimes emarginate; margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 13-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent; secondary laterals prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, cream coloured, 8 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles; calyx spathaceous, splitting irregularly, deciduous; petals 4-6, inserted on the disc and adnate with it below, imbricate, spreading in flower; disc elongate, cylindric; stamens 4-6, inserted on the disc; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed; ovary obliquely ovoid, superior, apocarpous, sessile or stipitate, pubescent, 1-celled, 1-ovuled, pendulous; style lateral, filiform; stigma simple. Fruit a drupe, 2.5-3.5 cm across, globose, brown; pericarp thick-scurfy; seed adherent to the pericarp.
Large trees, up to 35 m tall.
Bark smooth, often with scars of irregular flakes.
Branches with architecture of “Aubreville model”, Branchlets stout, glabrous.
Latex white, not profuse.
Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole less than 0.5 cm long, stout, glabrous, planoconvex in cross section; lamina 6.5-19 x 1.8-7 cm, oblanceolate or spathulate, apex obtuse or rounded (slightly acuminate in young trees), base cuneate to decurrent, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary nerves 12-18 pairs; tertiary nerves reticulo-percurrent or broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence axillary or terminal panicles, 8-10 cm long, tomentose; flowers bisexual, white
Drupe, woody, globose, 3.8 cm across, 1-seeded.
Flowering and fruiting: March-January
Canopy trees in medium elevation (600-1400 m) wet evergreen forests.
Notes: Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Kerala: Kollam, Kottayam, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram
Tamil Nadu: Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli
Endemic to Western Ghats (Agasthyamalai Hills in South Sahyadri).
Southern Western Ghats
State - Kerala, District/s: Kottayam, Idukki, Kollam, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
Southern Western Ghats