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1821 Macleay W.S., Horae entomologicae: or essays on the annulose animals. Containing an attempt to ascertain the rank and situation which the celebrated Egyptian insect, Scarabaeus sacer, holds among organized beings 1: 517
Blue-black, with a clothing of minute recumbent greyish setae, rather scanty upon the lower surface and legs, close upon the upper surface, but with small, denuded patches, a short transverse pit, partially divided in the middle, near each lateral margin of the pronotum, and numerous shining elevated spots, from 9 to 13 of them upon the pronotum, one near the middle, two in front of the middle, three behind it, and two at the base, and usually three adjoining the front margin and one near each front angle. Upon the elytra there are generally four similar shining spot along the basal edge of each, numerous minute spots along the 1st, 3rd and 5th intervals, uniting into a common longitudinal bar upon the posterior part of the 1st interval, and rather larger spots near the middle of the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th (external ) intervals.
Oval, moderately convex, with slender legs.
Front tibia has three strong teeth occupying nearly half the outer edge, remainder serrate, inner edge of front femur not sharp but rather broadly flattened, with a feeble tooth at two-thirds of its length from the base; the middle tibia feebly, the hind tibia minutely serrate at the outer edge.
Clypeus armed with four pointed processes, ocular lobes prominent but blunt.
Pronotum convex, with a slight longitudinal median groove behind, lateral margins strongly and evenly rounded, with front angles acutely produced, hind angles entirely obsolete.
Elytra very finely striate, lateral margins deeply excised.
Sides of abdomen straight, sharply carinate to the base.
Pygidium closely clothed with minute grey setae.
In male, front tibia rather broad and has short, sometimes rather deep, rounded excision of its inner edge just before the extremity. Terminal spur is flat and bifid or truncate at the end.
Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. May also be referred to include anatomy.
Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat.