|Scientific Name||Mimusops elengi L.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Evergreen trees, to 20 m high, bark dark grey, cracked or fissured longitudinally, scaly, rough; lenticels vertical; blaze pink with red streaks; exudation white; young branches brown pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, stipulate; stipules lanceolate, caducous; petiole 15-40 mm long, slender, grooved above, pubescent; lamina 4-12 x 3.5-7.5 cm; elliptic or elliptic-oblong, base round or obtuse, apex obtuse to acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves many, slightly raised beneath, parallel, slender, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerves; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, white, fragrant, 1-3 in axillary fascicles, pedicel 1 cm long; calyx lobes 8 in 2 series of 4 each, thick, outer lanceolate, valvate, pubescent; petals 9 mm long, lobes with 2 dorsal appendages, corolla 1 cm across; lobes 24, 3 series of 8 each, with hairs on back and margins, acuminate; stamens 8, alternating with pilose staminodes; filaments 1 mm, anthers oblong, cordate, 3 mm, connectives apiculate; staminodes lanceolate, acuminate, fimbricate, pilose; ovary 0.1-0.15 cm long, void, hirsute without, 6-8-celled; 1 ovule in each cell; style columnar, 5 mm; stigma minutely fimbricate. Fruit a berry, yellow, ovoid, 2.5 cm long, 1.5 cm across, fleshy, epicarp thin; seeds usually 1, oblong-ellipsoid, laterally compressed.
Large trees up to 35 m tall.
Bark dark grey, longitudinally fissured, lenticellate; blaze pink.
Branchlets terete, puberulous when young, later glabrous.
Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 1-2.5 cm long, glabrous, terete and canaliculate towards apex; pubescent when young, later glabrous; lamina 7-14 x 2.5-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex shortly acuminate with blunt tip, base rounded or acute, margin sl
Flowers white, in axillary fasicles; pedicel up to 2 cm.
Berry, ellipsoid, reddish-brown when ripe; seed one.
Habit: A medium-sized, densely foliaceous evergreen tree, upto 12m.
Flowering and fruiting: December-August
Solitary or in axillary fascicles; cream, fragrant. Flowering from March-April.
An ovoid, fleshy berry, yellow when ripe; seed solitary, oblong, shiny. Fruiting May onwards.
Bark dark grey, rough, deeply fissured. Tree with a hemispherical crown. Sap white.
Elliptic-ovate to lanceolate
Canopy trees in evergreen forests up to 1200 m.
Notes: Evergreen Forests, Planted in Plains
Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests, also grown in homesteads
Indomalayasia; in the Western Ghats- throughout.
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Found in ravines and semi-evergreen forests above 500m. Common. India to Hawaii, N. Australia and New Caledonia.
Maharashtra: Nasik, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga, S. Kanara
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: All districts
The fruit is sweetish and edible. The fruit can also be pickled. Wood is very hard, used for construction and making agricultural implements.