|Scientific Name||Anamirta cocculus|
Flowering class: Dicot
Habit: A large climbing shrub, to 12m.
Habit: Climbing Shrub or huge Liana
Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, 20-25 x 15-19 cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole 8-13 cm long. Flowers unisexual, many, in large drooping panicles on old branches; sepals 6 in 2 rows, 3 x 2 mm, ovate, yellow; petals absent; stamens 9, combined into a globose staminal column, anthers sessile; staminodes 9 in female flowers, obovate, scaly; carpels 3, free; style absent; stigma recurved. Fruit of 1-3 drupes, 1 cm across, obliquely ovoid, gibbous, black, smooth; seeds 1, black, glabrous.
Flowering and fruiting: August-December
In panicles on old wood, cauliflorus, pendent; greenish-cream. Flowering from September-March.
An ovoid drupe, dorsally gibbous, dark blue when ripe. Fruiting November onwards.
Leaves shiny with tuft of hairs on the nerve axils.
Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Moist deciduous and evergreen forests, also sacred groves in the plains
Maharashtra: Kolhapur, Nasik, Sindhudurg
Karnataka: Coorg, Hassan, N.Kanara, Shimoga, S. Kanara
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Madurai, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem,
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Very common along the stream banks and ravines from plains to 600m. India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malesia to New Guinea.
Crushed seeds are traditionally used to stun or kill fish and as a pesticide.
Indigenous Information: Fibre from the stem used to make ropes for house construction. Leaves used to keep betel leaves fresh for more days and also as a serving plate.
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