|Scientific Name||Opuntia vulgaris Mill.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Distribution notes: Exotic
Subshrubs, fleshy branches, areoles woolly, spines to 2.5 cm. Leaves subulate or absent. Flowers solitary, sessile; calyx lobes 0.7 cm, ovate, pubescent, tube adnate to ovary; corolla 6 cm across; stamens many, filaments 0.5 to 2 cm; ovary inferior, 3 cm long; ovules many, style to 2 cm, stigma 3-5 lobed. Berry 5 x 3.5 cm, obovoid.
Habit: An armed, succulent shrub, upto 1.5m.
Flowering and fruiting: November-March
Solitary, sessile; yellow with suffused pink in the middle of each perianths. Flowering throughout the year.
An obovoid berry with spiny areoles; seeds numerous. Fruiting throughout the year.
Stem jointed, fleshy, flattened. Spines 1-3 per areoles. Leaves lanceolate, early caducous.
Notes: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in the plains. Native of South east America; naturalised in India
Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
Found in wastelands and open grounds. Plains from the coast to 1200m. Common. Native of America, naturalized in the old world tropics.
South East America; naturalised in India
State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad, Palakkad
Kerala: Idukki, Pathanamthitta
Tamil Nadu: All districts