|Scientific Name||Opuntia vulgaris Mill.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Distribution notes: Exotic
Subshrubs, fleshy branches, areoles woolly, spines to 2.5 cm. Leaves subulate or absent. Flowers solitary, sessile; calyx lobes 0.7 cm, ovate, pubescent, tube adnate to ovary; corolla 6 cm across; stamens many, filaments 0.5 to 2 cm; ovary inferior, 3 cm long; ovules many, style to 2 cm, stigma 3-5 lobed. Berry 5 x 3.5 cm, obovoid.
Habit: An armed, succulent shrub, upto 1.5m.
Flowering and fruiting: November-March
Solitary, sessile; yellow with suffused pink in the middle of each perianths. Flowering throughout the year.
An obovoid berry with spiny areoles; seeds numerous. Fruiting throughout the year.
Stem jointed, fleshy, flattened. Spines 1-3 per areoles. Leaves lanceolate, early caducous.
Notes: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in the plains. Native of South east America; naturalised in India
Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
South East America; naturalised in India
State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad, Palakkad
Kerala: Idukki, Pathanamthitta
Tamil Nadu: All districts
Found in wastelands and open grounds. Plains from the coast to 1200m. Common. Native of America, naturalized in the old world tropics.
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