|Scientific Name||Utricularia exoleta R. Br.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Herbs; rhizoids usually absent, if present up to 5 cm long, c 1 mm thick at base, fusiform, tapering towards apex, branches botryform; stolons up to 20 cm long, c. 0.2 mm thick; profusely branched. Foliar organs up to 1 cm long, simple or 1-3 times dichotomously divided from base or at a short distance from base; ultimate leaf segments few, slightly compressed or terete, sparsely setulose along margins. Traps up to 1.5 mm across, obliquely ovoid, replacing foliar segments or rarely on rhizoids; stalk evenly thickened; mouth lateral, oblique; appendages usually 2-or rarely more. Racemes 4-15 cm long, erect, solitary or fasciculate, glabrous, 1-3-flowered; scales absent or rarely 1-2, c 0.6 x 1 mm, basifixed, obovate to semiorbicular, truncate or slightly 3-lobed at apex; bracts 0.8-1 x 1-1.3 mm, transversely oblong, 5-nerved, truncate or denticulate at apex; flowers up to 7 mm long; pedicels 2-8 mm long terete, erect or suberect. Calyx-lobes subequal, obovate to ovate, rounded or truncate at apex; upper lobe c 1.4 x 1.3 mm; lower c 1.3 x 1.3 mm. Corolla yellow; upper lip c 3 x 3 mm, orbicular to ovate, truncate or rounded at apex; lower lip c 2.7 x 2.5 mm, orbicular to broadly ovate, bigibbous at base, rounded, truncate or rarely 3-lobed at apex; spur as long as lower lip, conical, glandular within, obtuse or notched at apex. Stamens c 1 mm long; filaments flat, curved; anther thecae distinct. Ovary globose; style small; stigma 2-lipped, lower lip larger and semiorbicular, upper lip obsolete or denticulate. Capsules c 3 mm across, globose, bivalvate; placenta c 2 mm across, globose, glabrous, pitted; seeds c 1 mm wide, lenticular, with a broad, irregular corky wing; hilum prominent; testa cells arranged radially.
Flowering and fruiting: November-February
Notes: Plains to Mid Altitude, Aquatic
Swampy areas and ponds
State - Kerala, District/s: Alappuzha, Kozhikkode, Kollam, Kottayam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kasaragode, Thrissur
Maharashtra: Pune, Ratnagiri
Karnataka: Hassan, N. Kanara, S. Kanara
Kerala: Alapuzha, Kasaragod, Kollam, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram
Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Kancheepuram, Thiruvallur, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli
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