|Scientific Name||Anisomeles malabarica|
Flowering class: Dicot
Habit: Shrubby Herb
Habit: A large herb, upto 1m.
Perennial, semi-shrubby herb; stem to about 2 m high, much branched from base, subquadrangular, thickened below to 1.8 cm in diam., densely lanate. Leaves ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 3.6-16 x 1.3-7 cm, narrowed and rounded at base, acute, crenate-serrate, slightly bullate and velvety lanate above, densely so beneath; petioles 0.7-3.5 cm long, stout, lanate. Racemes to 34.5 cm long; verticils close, dense; peduncles densely lanate. Floral leaves 8-10 mm long, densely lanate. Bracts linear, to 5 mm long. Calyx to 9 mm long; tube to 5 mm long, lanate without, glabrous within; lobes lanceolate, to 4 mm long, acuminate. Corolla 1.4-2 cm long; tube to 9 mm long, white, glabrous without; throat pilose towards base of lower lip; Upper lip oblong, 4-6 mm long, obtuse at apex, slightly arched, whitish; lower lip to 1 cm across, coral pink, with 2 white streaks towards base, pilulose without with gland-tipped hairs, the lateral lobes shallowly rounded, the median one larger, broadly orbicular, 2-fid. Style glabrous; branches linear, unequal. Nutlets ovoid, 2.5 x 1.5 mm, trigonous, glabrous, blackish-brown and shining.
Flowering and fruiting: November-December
In terminal and axillary spikes; purple. Flowering throughout the year.
A small nutlet, basilar. Fruiting throughout the year.
Branchlets tawny-tomentose, obtusely 4-gonous.
Notes: Plains Dry Localities
Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
Found along the forest paths, fallows and scrub jungles from plains to 400m. Common. Continental S.E.Asia, Malesia and tropical Australia.
Maharashtra: Nasik, Pune,
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara
Kerala: Kannur, Kollam, Palakkad
Tamil Nadu: All districts
Indo-Malesia to Australia
State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
The whole plant, especially the leaves and roots are used in medicinal preparations.