|Scientific Name||Erythrina variegata|
Flowering class: Dicot
Deciduous tree; bark yellowish or greenish-grey, smooth, peeling off in papery flakes; blaze yellow; prickles black on branches, falling after a few years. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; stipules small, lateral; rachis 17-21 cm, slender, pulvinate, glabrous; stipels gland-like; petiolule 7-10 mm, stout, glabrous; leaflet 10-13.5 x 8.5-12.5 cm, widely ovate, rhomboid or deltoid-ovate, base truncate or obtuse, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, membranous; 3 ribbed from base; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, prominent, ascending, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, bright red, in dense racemes; calyx spathaceous, oblique, recurved, split to the base on one side, 5-toothed at the tip; petals 5, sessile, standard 6.5×2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic, apex obtuse, wings 1.5 x 1 cm, obovate, keel 1. 5 x 1.7 cm, oblong-falcate, free; stamens 10, monadelphous, alternately longer and shorter, vexillary filament free; anthers uniform; ovary stipitate, inferior, pubescent,1-celled, ovules many; style curved, subulate at the apex, not bearded; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod 15-30.5 cm long, torulose, constricted between seeds, dehiscent; seeds 6-8.
Bark grey with black prickles, bark of the young branches greyish green, branches soft and lighter. Leaves compound with large 3-leaflets, Flowers red or orange in dense clusters, leafless while blooming/flowering.
Flowering and fruiting: March-April
Direct sowing of seeds.
Notes: Plains to Low Altitude, also Cultivated
Used as a live support for betel vines. Leaves fed to cows to increase milk yield. High quality green manure and mulch.
Dry deciduous forests, widely grown as pepper stand and for fencing
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Assam.
Indo-Malesia, China and Africa
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, N. Kanara, Shimoga
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: All districts
Medicinal : Leaf,Seed
Pest management: Seed
Nitrogen fixing, Wind break, Live fence