|Scientific Name||Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)|
|Author||(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)|
|References||Original Published Description: Serranus vitta Quoy & Gaimard, 1824, Voy.Uranie Zool.:58 (Waigiu).|
Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line appear to rise obliquely to dorsal profile, those in front of and below anterior part of spinous dorsal fin sometimes parallel to lateral line.
Scales on head beginning above middle of eyes or nearly so, temporal region scaly.
Preopercular notch slightly developed, vomerine teeth in a triangular or arrow shaped patch.
Dorsal fin with 10 spines (rarely 9 or 11), 6 or more rows of scales between lateral line and medium dorsal spines.
A dark lateral band from eye to caudal fin, 6 or 7 rows of scales between lateral line and medium dorsal spines.
-(From Talwar and Kacker, 1984).
Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9
Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally whitish or pink with a yellowish brown to black stripe on the middle of the side. Juveniles and sub-adults with an intensely black mid-lateral stripe and an oval black spot, eye-sized or greater, lying in the middle of the stripe below last dorsal spines. Adults with yellow median fins .
A small snapper with dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Eye diameter about 1.2 times snout length. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Vomerine tooth patch triangular with a medial posterior extension or diamond-shaped. Teeth small, in narrow bands in jaws, with outer series of distant caninoids or canines. Tongue with a patch of granular teeth; gill rakers on lower limb of first arch (including rudiments) 9 to 12, total rakers on first arch 15 to 19. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Scales on head beginning above middle of eyes, soft part of dorsal and anal fins with a scaly sheath.
- (From Talwar and Kacker (1984) and Allen (1985)).
Sex ratio differed significantly from 1:1 above 30 cm fork length . Larvae grow at a rate of 1.2 to 1.7 mm per day during the first 1 or 2 months.
Length at first maturity: range 14 - 22 cm.
Spawning frequency: throughout the year, but peaking once.
L. vitta spawn at various times throughout the day, including dusk, more likely in response to the timing of the tides (Sadovy, 1996).
Batch spawner: Yes.
Reproductive guild: nonguarders; open water/substratum egg scatterers.
Description of life cycle and mating behavior: Sex ratio differed significantly from 1:1 above 30 cm fork length (Ref. 4840). Larvae grow at a rate of 1.2 to 1.7 mm per day during the first 1 or 2 months.
Max. reported age: 12 years.
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed.
Common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed
40 TL (unsexed)
40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; ); max. reported age: 12 years
Color of upper part of body pale reddish yallow, with numerous oblique dark lines following scale rows. Lower part of body silvery, with horizontal light brown lines. A distinct broad black band from eye along sides of body to upper base of caudal fin. fins are yellowish. Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 12 or 13 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 or 9 soft rays. Pectoral fins with 15 or 16 rays. Caudal fin slightly emarginate or truncate.
Prey: Small fish, benthic crusteceans mainly juvenile crabs, shrimps.
Inhabits the vicinity of coral reefs, also areas with flat bottoms and occasional low coral outcrops, sponges, and sea whips. Occurs singly or in groups of up to about 30 individuals. Feeds on fishes, shrimps, crabs and other benthic invertebrates.
Li and Chu-Wu (2007) studied the taxonomic relationship of five species of snappers from Chinese marine water with RAPD and Simple sequence Repeats (SSR) techniques. They concluded that the genetic diversities in terms of polymorphic loci ratio (P), mean intraspecies genetic distances (D) and intraspecies genetic diversity indexes (Hi) were richest in L. vitta. This study also revealed that L. vitta, L. fulviflamma and L. fulvus are closely related to each other.
Arthur, J.R. and S. Lumanlan-Mayo (1997) reported Anisakis Disease (juvenile) due to parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) in this fish species in Philippines. Infestation occurs most commonly in the body cavity, mesenteries, musculature and viscera.
Arthur, J.R. and S. Lumanlan-Mayo (1997) reported Paracryptogonimus infestation in this fish species in Philippines. Infestation commonly occurs in the intestine.
Anisakis Disease (juvenile). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) ;
Paracryptogonimus Infestation 1. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
This tropical, marine, brackish species inhabits the vicinity of coral reefs, also areas with flat bottoms and occasional low coral outcrops, sponges, and sea whips. Occurs singly or in groups of up to about 30 individuals. Depth range: 10 - 72 m.
Habitat reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 72 m
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, then southern India to New Caledonia and Gilbert Islands, extending northward to the Ryukyu Islands Replaced by Lutjanus ophuysenii from southeastern China and Taiwan to southern Korea and Japan.
Range: 35°N - 26°S, 50°E - 180°E.
Found in coastal waters
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, then southern India to New Caledonia and Gilbert Islands, extending northward to the Ryukyu Islands Replaced by Lutjanus ophuysenii from southeastern China and Taiwan to southern Korea and Japan .
Harmless to humans.
Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).
Medium resilience, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years.
Not Evaluated IUCN 2006
Used in fresh and frozen condition. Commercialy not fished in large quantities, but forms a cosiderable proportion of snapper fishery in India. Price category: High.
Aquarium: public aquariums.
Potential source of extraction of skin gelatin ( Jongjareonrak et al. 2006). Used for surimi production.Trypsin from the pyloric caeca of L. vitta was purified and characterized (Khantaphant and Benjakul 2009). Collagens have been extracted from the skin of Brownstripe red snapper (Jongjareonrak et al., 2005).
fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Caught mainly with handlines, traps and bottom trawls and bottom set gill nets.