|Scientific Name||Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, 1758|
Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758 – Northern Lime Butterfly
Wingspan 80-90 mm.
The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. Next to the body there are four chains of little yellow spots. There are some other yellow spots on the rest of wing. The underside of Papilio demoleus is very similar to the upperside. Next to the body there are four yellow lines.
The hind wings of Papilio demoleus are black. The edge is wavy. Next to the body the wing is spotted by yellow scales. The wing is dominated by a broad, yellow band. This band contains a big eye. At the outer edge there are five yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a red eye-spot. The underside is similar to the upperside. But all yellow marks are bigger than the marks on the upperside. Next to the body there is a yellow area with black lines. In the middle of the wing there are blue and orange spots. The body is black, but the underside is yellow.
This species can be found in forests but is normally associated with more open habitats ranging from semi-desert to Acacia scrub, beach hinterlands, savannah / woodland mosaics, parks and gardens. It can be found at altitudes between sea level and about 2000m.