Hierarchy contributed by the species page author
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2011.FishBase.World Wide Web electronic publication.<a href='http://www.fishbase.org/' target='_blank' >www.fishbase.org, version (10/2011).</a>
<a target='_blank' href='http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1'>Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy</a>
<a target='_blank' href='www.iucnredlist.org'>IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. Exported on 12 January 2012</a>
80 TL (unsexed)
75.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; ); max. published weight: 7,000 g ; max. reported age: 29 years
Known from southwest coast
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Natal, South Africa and eastward to the western Pacific, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Records from Persian Gulf are apparently misidentifications of Epinephelus polylepis. Not verified from the Comoros, continental shelf between Oman and Cambodia, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia.