Hierarchy combined from multiple sources
|Scientific Name||Echinochloa crus-galli|
|English||Cockspur Grass, Barnyard Millet|
Flowering class: Monocot
Annuals. Culms to 80 cm high, robust, erect; nodes glabrous. Leaves 6-34 x 0.3-1.5 cm, rounded at base; sheaths keeled; ligules absent. Panicles 5-18 cm long; racemes 5-12, each 2-5 cm long. Spikelets 3-5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, awned, hispid; awns 1-3 cm long. Lower glume 2-3 x 1.5-2 mm, ovate, cuspidate, 5-nerved. Upper glume 3-5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, cuspidate, 5-nerved. Lower floret male or barren. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma c. 3 x 1.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, awned, 5-7-nerved, scabrid. Palea 2-3 x 1 mm, elliptic-oblong, 2-keeled. Second lemma 3-4 x 1-2 mm, ovate, acuminate. Palea 2-3 x 1 mm, elliptic-oblong, 2-keeled, 2-nerved. Stamens 3; anthers c. 1 mm long, yellow. Ovary c. 0.5 mm long, oblong; stigma c. 1 mm long, white.
Flowering and fruiting: March-September
India, South East Asia and Africa
State - Kerala, District/s: Alappuzha, Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Wayanad, Ernakulam