|Scientific Name||Premna latifolia Roxb.|
|References||Fl. Ind. (Roxburgh) 3: 76. 1832|
Premna species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. Pollination is entomophilous i.e., by insects. Flowering/Fruiting: March-September.
Seeds dispersed by, anemochory i.e., wind dispersal, zoochory i.e., dispersal by birds or animals.
Small tree about 20-25 ft tall with a spreading crown, trunk girth about 3-6 ft. Bark dark grayish, somewhat rough, blaze slightly greenish white, soft, black when dried, young parts pubescent and young stem spinous. Branches and branchlets subterete or obtusely quadrangular, slightly lenticellate, nodes annulate. Leaves simple, opposite, lanceolate-ovate, elliptic-ovate to rhomboid, 3-9 x 1.5-6 cm across, base truncate-subcordate, attenuate-cuneate, margins entire and ciliate, apex acute to acuminate or mucronate, subcoriaceous or chartaceous, unpleasant smelling, green, pubescent both above and beneath, lateral veins 4-8 on either side of the midvein, ascending, arcuate, veins impressed above and prominent beneath, petiole slender, quadrangular, canaliculated about 0.5-3.5 cm long, exstipulate. Inflorescence axillary or terminal panicle, divaricate or compact cymes, 7-9 x 6-7.5 cm across, peduncles densely pubescent, bracts linear-lanceolate, about 1-2 mm long. Flowers bisexual, numerous, unpleasant smelling, creamish white, yellowish green, pedicels about 1-3 mm long, calyx campanulate, 5 toothed, 2 lipped, teeth obtuse, lower lip 3 toothed, upper lip 2 toothed, pubescent outside, about 3 x 2 mm across, corolla infundibular, 4 lobed, 2 lipped, upper lip suborbicular, apex emarginate, lower lip 3 lobes, obovate, apex acute, about 3 x 2 mm across, white or creamish white, yellowish green, lobes ovate to oblong, apex obtuse, 1 x 0.4 mm across, corolla tube narrow, glabrous, densely pubescent at the throat, about 2-3 mm long, stamens 4, didynamous, slightly exserted, filaments glabrous, filiform, about 2-3 mm long, anthers globose, 2 loculed, about 0.5 mm long, ovary obovoid or subglobose, about 2 x 1.5 mm across, style slender about the same length as the stamens, filiform, stigma bi-lobed. Fruit drupaceous, obovoid, about 6 x 5 mm across, shining, glabrous, green when young, black when ripe, membranous.
Susceptible to insect pests.
Scrub forests and lowerhills.
Local Distribution: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.
Global Distribution: Asia: Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.
Wood is scented, light brown, grained and moderately hard, used for making frames. Leaves are diuretic, used as medicine. Tender shoots and leaves are used from making curries and fodder.
Not evaluated (IUCN).
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