|Scientific Name||Bixa orellana L.|
Habit: Shrub to Small tree
In terminal panicles, pink turning white. Flowering throughout the year.
A capsule, reddish brown, two-valved spiny. Seeds many, red. Fruiting throughout the year.
A small evergreen tree.
Commercially grown for its red dye. Used as a food coloring. Used by native Americans to make red colored body paint.
Notes: Western Ghats, Cultivated. Native of Tropical America
Grown as an ornamental tree. Native to South America.
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Hassan, N.Kanara
Kerala: Alapuzha, Kannur, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Malapuram, Thiruvananthapuram
Seeds yield a red colored dye.