Hierarchy contributed by the species page author
Hierarchy combined from multiple sources
|Scientific Name||Santalum album L.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Evergreen trees, to 10 m high, bark surface dark grey to nearly black, rough with short vertical cracks. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 12-18 mm long, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 3.7-12 x 2-4 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, base acute or round, apex acute, margin entire, glabrous, shiny above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-13 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm across, reddish-purple, in axillary and terminal paniculate cymes, much shorter than leaves; tepals 5, basally connate into a campanulate tube of 2 mm long, shortly connate to the basal part of the ovary; lobes 2.5 x 1.5 mm, ovate, thin, fleshy, glaucescent without, minutely ciliate; disc concave, adhering to the bottom of perianth, its lobes alternates with tepals; stamens 5, alternates with disc; filaments 1 mm; anthers 0.7 mm, ovoid, 2-celled; ovary superior later half inferior at the time of flowering, globose, 1 mm, 1-celled, ovules 2-3, pendulous from below the long, acuminate, central column; style 1.5 mm, stigma 3 lobed. Fruit a drupe, 8-12 mm across, globose, blackish-purple, annulate above, beaked with the basal part of the style; seed one.
Flowering and fruiting: November-December
In axillary and terminal paniculate cymes, 3-chotomous; brownish-purple. Flowering from December-April.
A globose drupe, annulate above, beaked with basal part of the style, dark black when ripe. Fruiting throughout the year.
Bark dark grey, rough. Leaves glaucous beneath.
Elliptic-ovate to lanceolate
Notes: Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated, Semi-Parasite
Abundant on the lower slopes, plain and foothills to 1400mm. Peninsular India
Dry deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads
Peninsular India and Malesia
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Maharashtra: Ahemdnagar, Nasik, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Thane
Karnataka: Belgaum, Chikmagalur, Coorg, Dharwar, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: All districts
Found in deciduous scrub forests from foothills to 1000m. Very common. Peninsular India.
Tender shoots kept as an offering to gods. Cattle graze on the leaves. Fruits are eaten by birds.
Sapwood white, scentless, heart wood yellowish-brown, strongly scented, great demand for carvings and distillation of oil.