|Scientific Name||Toona ciliata Roem.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Semi-deciduous trees, to 30 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, reddish-brown, rough, exfoliating in large flakes; fibrous; blaze pink red with white streaks and strong smell. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets, estipulate; rachis 13-90 cm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous, swollen at base; leaflets 12-30, opposite or subopposite, estipellate; petiolule 7-20 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 7-16 x 2-7 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, base oblique, apex acuminate, margin entire or serrate, chartaceous, glossy above, pale beneath; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, 8 mm across, white, in terminal or axillary drooping panicles; peduncle to 2 cm; pedicel to 2 mm long; calyx cupular; lobes 5, ovate, tomentose, margin ciliate; petals 5, white, 5 x 3 mm, oblong, spreading, ciliate, imbricate; stamens 5, free, inserted on the top of disc; filaments subulate; anthers oblong, versatile; disc thick, 5-lobed, pubescent; ovary superior, ovoid, 2 mm long, pubescent, 5-celled, ovules 8-12 per cell, pendulous; style short, stigma discoid. Fruit a capsule, 1.8-3 x 1.5 cm, 5-valved; seeds many, oblong, thin, winged at both ends.
Flowering and fruiting: February-May
Inner wood red, soft and mildly scented. Leaflets in 6-9 pairs, sub opposite.
In axillary or terminal panicles, white. Flowering from February-March.
A five valved capsule. Seeds 25-30, oblong thin winged at both ends. Fruiting in August.
Common in moist deciduous forests. Hills above 1100m. Eastern and Western ghats of India.
Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
Indo-Myanmar; cultivated in Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Africa and the Hawaiian Islands
State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Malappuram