Direct sowing of seeds.
In panicles from terminal and upper leaf axils; blue to purple. Flowering from June-September.
A globose drupe, fleshy, purple when ripe. Fruiting from October-January.
Bark yellowish-grey. Rachis and petioles winged in young plants.
Obovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate
Good timer species. Fruits are an important food source for the Great Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) which play an important role in its seed dispersal.
India, Indo-China, Malesia and Sri Lanka
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Wood very hard and used for furniture, construction and agricultural implements.
Medicinal : Leaf,Root
Pest management: Leaf
Wind break, Live fence, Nectar source, Green manure, Timber, Implements