|Scientific Name||Vitex altissima L.f.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Trees, to 30 m high, bark 10-13 mm thick, greyish-yellow, scaly; blaze yellow; branchlets lenticellate, minutely tomentose. Leaves compound, trifoliate, opposite, estipulate; rachis 35-60 mm long, slender, pubescent, winged in sapling leaves, wings auriculate at base; leaflets 3-5, sessile; lamina 6-18 x 2-5 cm, lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, or oblanceolate, base cuneate or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above and pubescent or glabrescent along the nerves below, chartaceous; lateral nerves 10-16 pairs, pinnate, puberulent beneath, slender, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, tinged with blue, in terminal panicles, 5-8 m long; bracts lanceolate, 3 mm long, cauducous; calyx densely tomentose, shortly 5 lobed, ovate; corolla 5 mm long, 2 lipped, upper lip of 2 and lower lip of 3 lobes, obtuse, throat villous; stamens 4, didynamous, exserted; filaments hairy at base; ovary globose, 1 mm, superior, densely hairy, 2-4-celled, 4 ovuled; style filiform; stigmas bifid. Fruit a drupe, 5 x 5 mm, smooth, globose, glabrous, blue, supported by enlarged calyx; seeds 4, obovate.
Flowering and fruiting: March-July
In panicles from terminal and upper leaf axils; blue to purple. Flowering from June-September.
A globose drupe, fleshy, purple when ripe. Fruiting from October-January.
Bark yellowish-grey. Rachis and petioles winged in young plants.
Obovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate
Common in forest, less on slopes, down to foothills. Hills above 600m. Peninsular India.
Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also in sacred groves
Found along the river banks and deciduous forests above 600m. Common. Peninsular India.
India, Indo-China, Malesia and Sri Lanka
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Cattle feed on leaves. Firewood species.
Wood very hard and used for furniture, construction and agricultural implements.