|Scientific Name||Amaranthus spinosus L.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Distribution notes: Exotic
Erect glabrous herbs, profusely branched; branches grooved; spines divaricate, sharp, to 1.2 cm long. Leaves 3-8 x 2-4 cm, ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate, apex obtuse or subacute; petiole to 4 cm long. Flowers in terminal panicled spikes or in axillary, sessile clusters. Bracts and bracteoles minute, ovate-lanceolate. Male flowers: 1-2 mm across; tepals 5, calycine, unequal, ovate-lanceolate; stamens 5; anthers sagittate. Female flowers: 1-2 mm across; tepals 5, oblong, acute at apex; ovary 1-celled; ovules solitary; stigmas 2-3. Utricle circumcissile. Seeds minute, discoid.
Habit: An erect spinous herb, upto 90cm.
Flowering and fruiting: June-December
In axillary or aggregated terminal panicles; greenish-white. Flowering from December-April.
An orbicular urticle, compressed. Fruiting throughout the year.
Stem reddish. Spines axillary, paired or clustered.
Elliptic-obovate to rhomboid
Abundant near village wastelands, as a weed of cultivation, colonizer on new roads. Plains from the coast to 1500m. Cosmopolitan in the warmer regions of the world, presumed of American origin, in temperate regions.
Fallow lands and wastelands
Originally from America; now found throughout the warmer regions of the world
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Found in wastelands and cultivable lands from plains to 1500m. Common. Cosmopolitan.
Leaves and tender stems are cooked and eaten. This spinach is believed to be excellent for people suffering from calcium deficiency.