|Scientific Name||Euphorbia hirta L.|
Flowering class: Dicot
Distribution notes: Exotic
Habit: A small prostrate herb, tpto 30 cm.
Slender, erect, pubescent herbs about 20-35 cm tall. Leaves decussate, 1-2.5 x 0.7-1.5 cm, broadly oblong to elliptic-lanceolate, base obliquely truncate, margin serrulate, apex acute, hispid on both sides, basally 3-nerved; petiole to 3 mm long. Cyathia aggregated in single or paired axillary clusters. Involucre minute, c. 1 mm long; glands 5, red. Male flowers 4-6, ebracteolate. Female florets laterally pendulous; styles 2-fid from base. Capsule 1.5-2 mm across, pubescent. Seeds minute, red, 4-angled, minutely furrowed.
Flowering and fruiting: Throughout the year
In axillary, clustered cyathia; greenish-yellow. Flowering throughout the year.
A small capsule, pubescent; seeds 4-angled, minutely furrowed. Fruiting throughout the year.
Stem hispid. Leaves 3-nerved from base. Latex milky.
Used in traditional medicine and eaten as a vegetable in some parts of India.
Notes: Degraded forest areas, also in the plains
Very common along the roadsides and wastelands, upto 1400m. Pantropical.
Degraded forest areas and forest plantations, also in the plains
Found along roadsides, fallows and cultivable lands from plains to 1000m. Common. Pantropical.
Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Dharwar, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: All districts
Native of Tropical America; now Pantropical
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
The whole plant is used in medicinal preparations.The tender fruit as well as the flowers are edible.