Hierarchy contributed by the species page author
Hierarchy combined from multiple sources
|Scientific Name||Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn.|
|Synonym||Phyllanthus niruri var. amarus|
|Malayalam||Kizhar Nelli, Kizhukanelli, Keezharnelli, Keezhanelli, Kizhaanelli, Kiruthaanelli|
|Others||Irula : Kirunelli, Hin : Jar amla, Carry Me Seed, Kizha-nelli, Kirunelli|
|Tamil||Kizhar Nelli, Kizhaanelli|
Flowering class: Dicot
Habit: A small prostrate herb, upto 50cm.
Erect herbs to 30 cm tall. Leaves 6-8 x 3-4 mm, oblong, base unequal sided, apex obtuse to acute, lower surface glaucous; stipules lanceolate, scarious. Male flowers towards tip of branchlets, solitary, axillary; tepals 5, ovate; stamens 3, exserted; filaments connate; disc of 5 glands. Female flowers c. 1.5 mm across; tepals 5, oblong; ovary globose; style erect, recurved; pedicel to 2 mm long. Capsule c. 2 mm across, globose. Seeds 6, trigonous, vertically muriculate.
Flowering and fruiting: July-October
In axillary, solitary or clustered, minute; greenish-white. Flowering throughout the year.
A dry capsule, dehiscent; seeds 6, vertically muriculate. Fruiting throughout the year.
Branchlets resemble pinnate leaves. Male flower with 5 disc glands.
Notes: Plains, Moist Localities, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America
Degraded moist deciduous, forest plantations and also in plains
Common in arable or fallow lands. Found in the plains upto 900m. NAtive of America and now across the tropics.
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Foundin the agricutural fields and fallow fields from plains to 900m. Common. Native of tropical America, now widely naturalized in the tropics.
Kerala: All districts
Tamil Nadu: All districts
The leaves possess an active principle `Phyllanthin' which helps alleviate jaundice.