|Scientific Name||Antidesma montanum Blume|
Flowering class: Dicot
Trees about 10 m tall.
Bark thin flaky in old trees.
Branchlets terete, pubescent.
Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules in pairs, linear-lanceolate, acute, 1.2 cm long, pubescent, subpersistent; petiole 0.25-0.7 (-1.2) cm long, terete sometimes subcanaliculate, pubescent; lamina 8-22 x 2.5-7.7 cm, usually oblong to elliptic or oblanceolate, apex gradually acuminate with mucronate tip, base acute to rounded or cuneate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous except on midrib; secondary nerves prominent beneath, 5-9 pairs, ascending; tertiary nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence axillary or terminal racemes; flowers unisexual, dioecious; clusters of flowers in male distant than in female.
Drupe, elliptic, somewhat oblique, turning red; seeds 1.
Trees, to 18 m high, bark brown, vertically shallowly grooved; blaze pink; branchlets yellow, brown, greyish-white tomentose to sparsely pubescent, becoming glabrous in age. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; stipules lateral, 3-12 x 0.5-3 mm, linear, lanceolate or subulate, puberulous or glabrous, deciduous; petiole 3-10 mm, slender, tomentose to glabrous; lamina 6-30 x 2-10 cm, oblong, elliptic-oblong, ovate-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, base acute, obtuse to round or often oblique, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, often glossy above and or beneath, glabrous or puberulous or pilose on midrib above, glabrous or tomentose to sparsely puberulous on midrib beneath, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, yellow; male flowers: in axillary and terminal simple or paniculate racemes; peduncle brown-puberulous; bracts linear, lanceolate, triangular or oblong; pedicels 0.5-2 mm long, slender, glabrous; perianth cupular 0. 6 × 1-1.5 mm, glabrescent; lobes 3-4, triangular, deltoid or ovate, deep; disc 3-4 lobed; stamens 3-4; filaments inserted on the excavations of the disc; pistillode knob like or capitate; female flowers: in terminal and axillary, simple or one to few branched racemes; peduncle whitish, yellow or tawny tomentose to glabrous; bracts linear, lanceolate or deltoid; pedicel 0.5-3 mm long, tomentollous to glabrous; perianth cupular, ca.1 x 1-2 mm, sparsely puberulous to glabrous; lobes 4-5, deep, triangular, deltoid or suborbicular; ovary superior, 1-1.8 mm long, ovoid or subglobose, glabrous, 1- locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles terminal. Fruit a drupe 3-6 x 2.5-4 mm, ellipsoid to ovoid or sometimes rhomboid-ellipsoid or rarely ovoid-pyriform, not compressed, glabrous, alveolate or ribbed.
Flowering and fruiting: January-December
Common understorey trees in disturbed evergreen forests up to 1900 m.
Notes: Evergreen & Shola forests, also in sacred groves
Evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
Maharashtra: Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg
Kerala: All districts
Indo-Malesia and East Himalayas
State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts
Indomalaysia; in the Western Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.